Daily Hadith Sun 16-Jul-2017 - 22 Shawwal 1438 حديث اليوم
مقترحاتكم نسخة للطباعة احاديث الباب آيات الباب الحديث السابق
باب النهي عن التجسّس
والتسمّع لكَلام مَن يكره استماعُهُ
وعنْ أبي هُريْرةَ رضي اللَّه عنهُ أنَّ رسُول اللَّه صَلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وسَلَّم قال : « إيًاكُمْ والظَّنَّ ، فإن الظَّنَّ أكذبُ الحدِيثَ ، ولا تحَسَّسُوا ، ولا تَجسَّسُوا ولا تنافَسُوا ولا تحَاسَدُوا ، ولا تَباغَضُوا، ولا تَدابَروُا ، وكُونُوا عِباد اللَّهِ إخْواناً كَما أمركُمْ . المُسْلِمُ أخُو المُسْلِمِ ، لا يظلِمُهُ ، ولا يخذُلُهُ ولا يحْقرُهُ ، التَّقوى ههُنا ، التَّقوَى ههُنا » ويُشير إلى صَدْرِه « بِحْسبِ امريءٍ مِن الشَّرِّ أن يحْقِر أخاهُ المسِلم ، كُلُّ المُسلمِ على المُسْلِمِ حرَامٌ : دمُهُ ، وعِرْضُهُ ، ومَالُه، إنَّ اللَّه لا يَنْظُرُ إلى أجْسادِكُمْ، وَلا إلى صُوَرِكُمْ ، وأعمالكم ولكنْ يَنْظُرُ إلى قُلُوبِكُمْ».وفي رواية : « لا تَحاسَدُوا ، وَلا تَبَاغَضُوا ، وَلا تَجَسَّسُوا ولا تحَسَّسُوا ولا تَنَاجشُوا وكُونُوا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ إخْوَاناً » .
وفي روايةٍ : « لا تَقَاطَعُوا ، وَلا تَدَابَرُوا ، وَلا تَبَاغَضُوا ولا تحَاسدُوا ، وَكُونُوا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ إخْوَاناً » .
وفي رواية : « لا تَهَاجَروا وَلا يَبِعْ بَعْضُكُمِ على بيع بَعْضٍ » .
رواه مسلم : بكلِّ هذه الروايات ، وروى البخاري أكثَرَها .
1570/271 - رياض الصالحين

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Prohibition of Spying on Muslims and to be Inquisitive about Others
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Beware of suspicion, for suspicion is the worst of false tales. Do not look for others faults. Do not spy one another, and do not practise Najsh (means to offer a high price for something in order to allure another customer who is interested in the thing). Do not be jealous of one another and do not nurse enmity against one another. Do not sever ties with one another. Become the slaves of Allah, and be brothers to one another as He commanded. A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim. He should neither oppress him nor humiliate him. The piety is here! The piety is here!" While saying so he pointed towards his chest. "It is enough evil for a Muslim to look down upon his Muslim brother. All things of a Muslim are inviolable for his brother in Faith: his blood, his wealth and his honour. Verily, Allah does not look to your bodies nor to your faces but He looks to your hearts and your deeds."Another narration is: "Do not feel envy against one another; do not nurse enmity; do not spy on one another and do not cheat one another. Be Allahs slaves, brethren to one another."
Another narration is: "Do not have estranged relations with one another. Do not nurse enmity and do not feel envy against one another. O Allahs worshippers! Be brothers!"
Another narration is: "Do not estrange mutual relations and do not intervene into the transaction which is likely to be settled with another person."

"Beware of suspicion" means such suspicion about a Muslim for which no apparent evidence is available. Similar is the case of that thought which emerges in one's mind without any logic. "Najsh" means to give higher bid in auction only to deceive others. Thus, it is a false bid which is not at all intended for purchasing the thing which is being auctioned. The instructions given to the Muslims in this Hadith are meant to secure the honour of Muslims. Since, doubt without any reason, and search for defects and weaknesses go against the security of a Muslim's honour, Islam has strictly forbidden Muslims from them. Another purpose for forbidding such things is to consolidate Muslim brotherhood. For this reason, they have been forbidden from oppression, leaving their Muslim brothers in lurch, considering others humble, and from taking pride in worldly possessions. In fact, the life, property, and honour of a Muslim have been declared unlawful for all other Muslims. Increase in a bid without any intention of buying the thing being auctioned and bargain over a bargain have also been prohibited because they also create ill-will and enmity.

271/1570 - Riyad Us-Saliheen (Gardens of the Righteous)
Sun 16-Jul-2017 - 22 Shawwal 1438