Riyad Us-Saliheen رياض الصالحين
الحديث التالي احاديث الباب آيات الباب الحديث السابق الفهرس
باب إكرام أهل بيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم
وبيان فضلهم
وعن يزيد بن حيَّانَ قال : انْطلَقْتُ أَنا وحُصيْنُ بْنُ سَبْرَةَ ، وعمْرُو بن مُسْلِمٍ إلى زَيْدِ بْنِ أَرقمَ رضي اللَّه عنهم ، فلَمَّا جَلسْنا إِلَيهِ قال له حُصيْنٌ : لَقَد لَقِيتَ يَا زيْدُ خَيْراً كَثِيراً ، رَأَيْتَ رسولَ اللَّه صَلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وسَلَّم ، وسمِعْتَ حَدِيثَهُ ، وغَزَوْتَ مَعَهُ، وَصَلَّيتَ خَلْفَهُ : لَقَدْ لَقِيتَ يا زَيْدُ خَيْراً كَثِيراً ، حَدِّثْنَا يا زَيْدُ ما سمِعْتَ مِنْ رسول اللَّه صَلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وسَلَّم . قال : يا ابْنَ أَخِي واللَّهِ لَقَدْ كَبِرتْ سِنِّي ، وقَدُم عهْدي ، ونسِيتُ بعْضَ الذي كنتُ أَعِي مِنْ رسولِ اللَّه صَلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وسَلَّم، فَمَا حَدَّثْتُكُمْ ، فَاقْبَلُوا ، وَمَالا فَلا تُكَلِّفُونِيهِ ثُمَّ قال : قام رسول اللَّه صَلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وسَلَّم يَوْماً فِينَا خطِيباً بِمَاءٍ يُدْعي خُمّاء بَيْنَ مكَّةَ وَالمَدِينَةِ ، فَحَمِدَ اللَّه ، وَأَثْنى عَليْه ، ووعَظَ، وَذَكَّرَ ، ثُمَّ قَالَ : «أَمَّا بعْدُ : أَلا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ ، فَإِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ يُوشِكُ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ رسولُ ربي فَأُجيبَ ، وأَنَا تَارِكٌ فِيكُمْ ثَقَلَيْنِ : أَوَّلهُما كِتابُ اللَّهِ ، فِيهِ الهُدى وَالنُّورُ ، فَخُذُوا بِكِتابِ اللَّه ، وَاسْتَمْسِكُوا به» فَحثَّ على كِتَابِ اللَّه ، ورغَّبَ فِيهِ . ثمَّ قَالَ « وأَهْلُ بَيْتِي ، أُذكِّركم اللَّه في أهلِ بيْتي ، أذكِّرُكم اللَّه في أهل بيتي » فَقَالَ لَهُ حُصَيْنٌ : ومَنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ يا زيْدُ ؟ أليس نساؤُه من أهلِ بيتهِ ؟ قال : نساؤُه منْ أهلِ بيتِهِ وَلَكِن أَهْلُ بيْتِهِ منْ حُرِم الصَّدقَة بعْدَهُ ، قَال : ومَنْ هُم؟ قَالَ : هُمْ آلُ عليٍّ ، وآلُ عَقِيلٍ ، وآلُ جَعْفَر ، وَآلُ عبَّاسٍ ، قَالَ : كُلُّ هُؤلاءِ حُرِمَ الصَّدقَةَ ؟ قَالَ : نعَمْ . رواه مسلم .وفي روايةٍ : « أَلا وَإِنِّي تَارِكٌ فِيكُمْ ثَقْلَيْن : أَحدُهَما كِتَابُ اللَّه وَهُو حبْلُ اللَّه، منِ اتَّبَعه كَانَ عَلَى الهُدى ، ومَنْ تَرَكَهُ كانَ على ضَلالَةٍ » .
346/43 - رياض الصالحين
الحديث التالي احاديث الباب آيات الباب الحديث السابق الفهرس

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Showing reverence to the Family of Allah's Messenger (pbuh)
Yazid bin Haiyan reported: I went along with Husain bin Sabrah and `Amr bin Muslim to Zaid bin Arqam (May Allah be pleased with them) and, as we sat by his side, Husain said to him, "Zaid, you acquired great merits, you saw Messenger of Allah (PBUH), listened to him talking, fought by his side in (different) battles, and offered Salat (prayer) behind him. Zaid, you have indeed earned great merits. Could you narrate to us what you heard from Messenger of Allah (PBUH)?" Zaid said, "By Allah! I have grown old and have almost spent up my age and I have forgotten some of the things which I remembered in connection with Messenger of Allah (PBUH), so accept what I narrate to you, do not compel me to narrate what I fail to narrate". He then said, One day Messenger of Allah (PBUH) stood up to deliver a Khutbah at a watering place known as Khumm between Makkah and Al-Madinah. He praised Allah, extolled Him, and exhorted (us) and said, "`Amma Ba`du. O people, I am a human being. I am about to receive a messenger (the angel of death) from my Rubb and I will respond to Allahs Call, but I am leaving with you two weighty things: the first is the Book of Allah, in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it. He exhorted (us to hold fast) to the Book of Allah and then said, `The second is the members of my household, I remind you (to be kind) to the members of my family. I remind you (to be kind) to the members of my family". Husain said to Zaid, "Who are the members of his household, O Zaid? Arent his wives the members of his family?" Thereupon Zaid said, "His wives are the members of his family. (But here) the members of his family are those for whom Zakat is forbidden". He asked, "Who are they?" Zaid said, "Ali and the offspring of `Ali, `Aqil and the offspring of `Aqil and the offspring of Ja`far and the offspring of `Abbas." Husain asked, "For all of them the acceptance of Zakat is forbidden?" Zaid (May Allah be pleased with him) said, "Yes".[Muslim].
Another narration is: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "I am leaving behind me two weighty things. One of them is the Book of Allah; that is the strong rope of Allah. Whosoever holds firmly to it, will be the guided, and whosoever leaves it goes astray".


Commentary:
This Hadith brings out the following points:
1. Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was a human being. He too was subject to the inevitable law of death.
2. It stresses upon the establishment of a firm bond with the Book of Allah (the Qur'an) and lays emphasis on showing respect and honour to the members of the Prophet's family.
3. The members of the Prophet's family are classified into two categories:
Firstly, wives of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) or Mothers of the believers. This is established from the categorical Verses of the Noble Qur'an.
Secondly, persons who have close relationship with Messenger of Allah (PBUH) . They are Banu Hashim and Banu Abdul-Muttalib and include descendants of `Ali, `Aqil, Ja`far, `Abbas and Harith (May Allah be pleased with them). Sadaqah is unlawful for the latter category.
43/346 - Riyad Us-Saliheen (Gardens of the Righteous)
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